Sadat (IT) Academy

Dr. Gary H. Jones




"A time existed when corporations used the environment as a free and unlimited resource. That time is ending, interms of international public awareness and increasing legislative control. The magnitude of environmental abuse, not only by industries but also by human activities and nature's processes, has awakened an international awareness to protect and save the environment.  At risk is the most valuable stakeholder, the planet earth itself.  Depletion and destruction of air, water, and land are at stake in terms of natural resources. Consider the destruction of the rain forests in Brazil; the thinning of the ozone layer above the earth's atmosphere; climate warming from carbon dioxide accumulations; the smog in Mexico City, Los Angeles, New York and other major world cities; and the pollution of the seas, lakes, rivers, and groundwater supplies contaminated from toxic dumping. At the human level, environmental pollution and damage cause heart and respiratory diseases and lung and skin cancer." 
(J. W. Weiss, Business Ethics, p. 153)

Specific Problems (not to memorize, but to be aware of):
Causes of Environmental Pollution  (be aware of):
1.  A growing consumer affluence (wealth).  More spending, consumption, and waste.
2.  Increasing materialistic cultural values. Consumption instead of conservation.  "Me first" attitude.
3.  Increasing urbanization.  More concentrated pollution.
4.  Population explosion.  From 1900 to 1990 the global population grew from 1.2 billion to 5.5 billion!
5.  New and uncontrolled technologies.  More convenience, more waste, more harmful chemicals.
6.  Industrial activities.  Depletion of natural resources, environmental abuse and destruction.
The Ethics of Ecology (care of the environment):
1. Organization's responsibilities go beyond the production of goods and services for a profit.
2. These responsibilities involve helping to solve important social problems, especially those that corporations have helped to create.
3.  Corporations have a broader constituency (stakeholders) than just stockholders.
4.  Corporations have impacts (effects) that go beyond simple marketplace transactions
5.  Corporations serve a wider range of human values than just economic considerations alone.

Human Rights, Justice, Duty and the Environment
[Beyond simple the simple Cost/Benefit of Utilitarianism]
Questions for Business Executives:
1.  What are the true and long-term costs [to the environment] of your business?
2.  Have you made hazardous waste risk analysis a part of your strategic planning process?
3.  Does your information system include consideration of environmental problems
4.  Have you made it clear to your managers and employees that your company is serious about caring for the environment?